Caged Rosin Plates - rosin plates that are joined together by 4 pillars, one at each corner. The pillars are spring-loaded so that the rosin plates remain separated from one another in the resting position. This caged feature aids in plate alignment during extraction. Learn more about caged vs non caged rosin plates here.
Cannabinoids - compounds created within the cannabis plant which are found in highest concentration on the flowers (inside trichome heads). These compounds, THC being the most well-known, interact with a system of receptors inside the human body, unlocking the therapeutic benefits of cannabis.
Cannabudder - butter that's been infused with cannabis. After the cannabis is decarboxylated, it's mixed with butter over low heat and left to very lightly simmer until the infusion is complete, generally around 175 degrees Fahrenheit for a couple of hours.
Canopy Control - refers to the way a grower trains and manages the top portion of the cannabis plant, or canopy, in a way that all main flowers have equal and even exposure to light. Lollipopping and pruning along with LST are the main tactics used for canopy control.
Carb Cap - a dabbing accessory that's used to cover the banger once you drop the dab in, so that air flow is better controlled for a more effective dab.
Carbon Dioxide (CO2) - a colorless gas that's a common solvent used in extracting cannabis concentrates. This gas
Carbon Filter - air filters that absorb molecules from the air in order to effectively manage the odor from an indoor cannabis garden.
Caryophyllene - a terpene that gives a broad sensory experience and includes a spicy, pungent, and musky odor when you crack open a dried cannabis flower. It’s common in many herbs and spices like black pepper, basil, and oregano, and cinnamon and cloves. It’s also present in hops.
CBD - a cannabinoid known for its therapeutic effects that does not induce a high or euphoria like THC. CBD is produced naturally within the cannabis plant, and is in highest concentrations in female flowers, just like THC.
Ceramic Metal Halide (CMH) Light - a subset of metal halide lights, which provide a nearly full spectrum of white light for cannabis plants that can be used during the full lifecycle.
Ceramic Nail - a dab nail made out of ceramic, which takes longer to heat but has better heat retention than quartz nails or bangers.
Certificate of Analysis (COA) - report generated by a testing lab that details the cannabinoid and terpene content of cannabis, and also screens for contamination like mold.
Charas - the original cannabis concentrate, charas is the term for finger hash, or resin glands collected right from the hands after handling raw cannabis flowers.
Cheesecloth - loose-woven cotton cloth that is commonly used to filter out cannabis particles from oil, butter, or other infused ingredients that contains cannabis.
Chips on Board (COB) - refers to the grouping of diodes on a circuit board that's powered as a single unit in LED lighting for growing cannabis.
Chlorine - a common contaminant in tap water that should be filtered out using a reverse osmosis system, or other filtration system. Leaving tap water standing for 24 hours will also allow chlorine to evaporate away.
Chlorophyll - a green pigment in plants that's responsible for absorbing light to provide energy needed for photosynthesis. Chlorophyll is considered a contaminant in rosin and gives dabs (and even smoked flower) a harsh taste. Chlorophyll naturally degrades over time while curing cannabis flowers, however with fresh frozen material for hash, it can often contaminate the bubble hash if the washing and agitating of the material is too aggressive.
Chloroplasts - organelles inside of plants, including cannabis, that contain chlorophyll and conduct photosynthesis. If chloroplasts are ruptured due to ice nucleation in fresh frozen cannabis material, chlorophyll can more readily leak into the hash and cause contamination.
Chottle Tech - method of pressing rosin using a rosin filter bag without a top or bottom. The bag is like an open-ended tube containing only one seam along the side, and they're loaded between the plates vertically, similar to Bottle Tech. These bags are referred to as filter tubes and have the advantage of containing less seams (which often collect rosin).
Clone (Cutting) - an exact genetic copy taken by removing a branch or tissue sample from a living cannabis plant and inducing a new root zone to grow. Taking cuttings allows growers to use the same set of genetics as the parent plant, which has been identified after pheno-hunting. Learn more about pheno-hunting here.
Closed-loop Extraction - a system of extraction in which solvents are applied to cannabis inside of a closed chamber, then recovered by a vacuum pump and recycled back into the solvent tank for reuse.
Coco Coir - a byproduct of coconut fiber, coco coir can be an effective grow medium for cultivating cannabis, allowing for great aeration and drainage. Since coco coir contains no nutrients itself, all nutrients need to be fed to the plants.
Cola - the cannabis flowers that stack up together on top of the main stem of the female cannabis plants, forming one massive flower.
Cold Cure - method of curing rosin without the addition of heat in order to achieve a desired consistency. Cold curing generally takes place in small jars at room temperature or below, and can include stirring/agitating the rosin to recombine terpenes that naturally separate during the cure. Learn more about cold curing rosin here.
Cold Plate - a flat plate or surface, usually aluminum, which is stored in the freezer and used immediately after extraction as a working surface for removing fresh rosin from parchment paper. The cold plate quickly reduces the temperature of the rosin making it easier to collect from the parchment paper. Get your cold plate here.
Cold Start Dab - also known as a “reverse dab”, these involve dropping the dab inside the banger, then heating the banger with a torch, as opposed to heating the banger first before dropping the concentrate inside.
Combustion - the process of burning something. Combustion is one way to consume cannabis, while vaporizing is another popular way.
Compost Tea - a nutrient-rich brew that's concocted of various organic material and "brewed" together for a concentrated dose of nutrients used in organic soil grows.
Concentrates - another term for a cannabis extract. The best cannabis concentrates are solventless.
Consistency - the texture, firmness, density, and overall look and feel of an extract. Examples of consistency include badder, jam, diamonds and sauce, taffy, etc..
Crash Out - term used to describe nucleation of THC within rosin. When THC nucleates, it's said to "crash out" and form crystal structures within the rosin. These crystal-like structures are also referred to as diamonds.
Cultivar (Strain) - a specific plant variety produced through selective breeding, also referred to in cannabis as a "strain". Sour Diesel and Chem Dawg are two examples of famous cultivars. See the list of best strains for pressing rosin here.
Curing - the process of letting cannabis age. Curing enhances cannabis flowers by allowing for a long, slow decomposition of the chlorophyll and starches which negatively impact the flavor of cannabis flowers. Curing brings out the best in cannabis. Additionally, curing rosin can lead to incredible changes in texture and consistency. Read more about curing rosin here.
Cuticle - the thin protective layer of cells that surrounds the trichome head, containing all the therapeutic compounds produced by cannabis. The quality of the cuticle is one of the factors that makes some strains of cannabis wash better for bubble hash than others. Read more here.